1769 John Singleton Copley (1738-1815). Elizabeth Murray (Mrs. James Smith). Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Elizabeth Murray by John Singleton Copley

(July 7, 1726 – May 25, 1785)

Shopkeeper, Educator
Middling Sort
Political scale
Loyalist (4)
Allowed in the Old State House?
No Admittance

Settling in Boston as a single young woman, you achieve a type of financial independence rare for women of your time.

  • Starting with little, you succeed in various businesses. You own a shop that imports British fashions, take in boarders, and run a school for girls.
  • You have a knack for attracting rich men. Your three marriages each increase your wealth.
  • Your London business connections incline you towards Loyalist politics.
  • Before your marriages you make your husbands sign pre-nuptial agreements safe-guarding your money and land. You lose most of your money during the Revolutionary War but retain your property by staying in it throughout the war. When you die, you leave most of your money to female friends and relatives.

Social NetworkEdit

  • Ann Cummings (protégé)
  • Elizabeth Cummings (protégé)
  • Thomas Campbell (first husband)
  • James Smith (second husband)
  • Ralph Inman (third husband)
  • James Murray (brother and guardian)